How to kick off a project and avoid an info dump

Course factory workerDo you feel like you’re an assembly line worker in a course factory, expected to crank out training on demand?

Break free of the assembly line with a strong kickoff meeting that puts you in charge of the design. Here are some ideas on how to start a project in a way that will avoid an information dump and win the happy obedience of your stakeholders.

We’ll go into detail and practice these techniques (and more!) in the workshop I’m giving in London on June 6.

What’s the first step?

The next time someone drops a pile of PowerPoints in your in box and requests “a course,” respond with a request for a meeting “to make sure I understand what you need.” Two hours is usually enough.

Who should be included in the meeting?

The minimum participants are you (the designer), the person who asked for the training (the “client”), and one or preferably two subject matter experts (SMEs) who are familiar with how the job is currently done.

Depending on the situation, you might also want to include someone who recently learned to do what’s about to be trained and any stakeholder who could veto the project.

What’s the format?

I recommend you use action mapping, so a whiteboard or a laptop with mind-mapping software and a projector will be helpful. I’ve done these meetings remotely, with a shared screen on a webinar platform, but in person I’d prefer a whiteboard and sticky notes.

What’s the goal for the meeting?

Your secret goal for the meeting is to confirm that training really should be part of the solution, and if so, to avoid creating an information dump.

The reason you give to the participants is something like, “To design the most effective training, I need to understand the problem really well.” Put yourself in the role of the eager yet ignorant outsider and don’t directly challenge the client’s assumption that a course is the solution.

How do I start the meeting?

Give a very quick overview of the process, maybe saying something like the following.

  • We’ll use a quick process that helps me understand in detail what you need people to do, so I can design relevant and challenging activities.
  • We’ll start by stating a measurable goal so we’ll know when the training has worked.
  • Then we’ll specify what exactly people need to do to reach that goal and why they’re not doing it, so we can find the best way to change their behavior.
  • The result will be interesting, relevant training that will clearly contribute to the organization’s goals [if possible, add or suggest "and make us look good"].

It might be best not to mention the content at all beyond saying that you’ve reviewed what you’ve been given and need to understand the situation better before you can start designing the “course.”

Then what?

With all the meeting participants, follow the first steps of action mapping, which have been expanded a bit in the last year.

  • Identify a goal that captures in a measurable way why the training is important to the organization (“Improve employee retention 15% by Q2 of next year,” not “Respect diversity”).
  • Expand the goal to identify the audience and give a general idea of what they’ll be doing (“Employee retention will improve 15% by Q2 of next year as mid-level managers follow the new policy on diversity”).
  • Identify specifically and concretely each action that members of the audience need to take to reach the goal (e.g., “Avoid assigning minority employees only to minority clients,” not “Be color-blind”).
  • Prioritize the actions — identify the most egregious problems.
  • Use the flowchart to identify why each important action isn’t always performed correctly, and gently resist stakeholders’ attempts to blame everything on a lack of knowledge.

Be sure to go through the flowchart

Last year I added a flowchart that can dramatically change how stakeholders view the problem and its solution. The more specifically you apply the flowchart, the better your results.

For example, don’t say, “So why do you think managers aren’t respecting diversity?” Instead, focus on each individual action, for example, “Why aren’t managers disciplining people for making offensive jokes?”

If stakeholders blame a problem solely on a lack of knowledge, gently push back. For example: “Okay, you’re saying managers just don’t know that they should discipline people for making offensive jokes. I’m wondering if there’s something more complex here, like maybe the managers know they’re supposed to discipline people but aren’t comfortable providing the discipline. Do you think that might be happening?”

The stakeholders will likely agree and might propose ways to solve that problem. If they don’t come up with their own solutions, you might suggest one, again posing it as a question: “Do you think it could help to give them some sample wording to use for typical situations and let them practice?”

Let the stakeholders see the best solution for themselves

Questions are far more persuasive than advice. Keep asking questions until the client or SME sees for themselves that an info-dumping “course” isn’t the best solution. Let them see how job aids or a change in tools could solve the problem without training, and let them notice on their own that a lot of the content they provided isn’t necessary.

You’re saying we can do all this in just two hours?!

You can get a very good head start in just two hours. I can usually get through setting the goal, identifying the most problematic actions, and identifying why those actions aren’t being performed correctly.

You may need to work a bit after the meeting with a SME to finish analyzing the problem. However, brainstorming activities and identifying which content to include aren’t part of the kickoff –they’re your job.

You might want to include a SME later when brainstorming activities, but make sure to keep tight control so the activities are realistic and challenging and the content is as minimal as it can get.

How can I justify the time required?

If you get resistance to the idea of a two-hour meeting, point out that it will likely result in much more concise, efficient training.

For example, a course that the client expected would require four hours for the 1,200 learners to complete might be reduced to some powerful job aids and one hour of very targeted activities. This saves three hours x 1,200 learners or 3,600 hours, thanks to the two hours invested in the kickoff meeting.

Practice with this scenario!

Try this branching scenario to practice running an action mapping kickoff. Can you win the client while avoiding an information dump?


London workshop on June 6

Join me and Norman Lamont in London on June 6 for the one-day, hands-on workshop “Training design for business results.” You’ll get in-depth practice applying these skills and many more to one of your projects. Learn more about the workshop.

Comments

  1. Sergey says:

    Finally, a new blog post! It’s been a while! :)

  2. Sandra says:

    This post came exactly at the right time! I was in the hotel Tuesday night, preparing a kick off meeting for Wednesday in which I wanted to use action mapping. When I turned to your blog I found this post which was exactly what I needed.

    The meeting itself then was good even though it didn’t go exactly as planned. The client brought four SMEs and one person from their learning department. I think their learning person had briefed them before on what to do and ask at the kick off and how to do the planning for an e-learning project (which of course was quite different from action mapping). They first wanted to talk about what they called the structure (format, length of the course, titel, language) but mixed in were also target group and goals. I managed to bring the goal forward as the first point we should discuss and we got that quite clear.

    Then they moved on to the content part they prepared. It was clear that I couldn’t convince them of not presenting this. So I asked for all the topics what people should do with the information in the end or what the knowledge is supposed to help them do. That worked quite well and I could note down 6 actions that are really connected to the goal. I also asked about why they think people are not doing them.
    So in the end I didn’t get to direct them through a real action mapping process but I think I still got out of the meeting what I need to continue without creating an information dump.
    And I sure learned a lot for future meetings like this.
    Do you have a specific strategy on how to deal with a situation in which you have a traditional e-learning veteran there who tries to move everything into the traditional structure?

    • Cathy Moore says:

      Sandra, thanks for your comment, and congratulations on adapting the meeting to identify a goal and useful actions. It can be really challenging to try to influence a train that someone else is driving down a particular track! It sounds like you were able to persuade the participants to think a little differently, so if you work with them again, they might be more open to starting with the goal and actions rather than the content.

      In general (and if it’s possible politically), it can help for us the designers to schedule the meeting and send out the agenda, or if someone else has scheduled it, we could quickly send a proposed agenda to them. If we establish the format of the meeting before someone else does, we have a better chance of shaping the discussion.

      If there’s an influential person who just wants to talk about content and you can’t get them to break their obsession, the best approach is the one you took, to ask them what learners will do on the job with each bit of knowledge and to write down these actions, preferably in a format everyone can see, so the actions get a higher profile.

  3. As always, Cathy, thanks for sharing your very valuable, very practical advice for free. It’s essential to manage the process of design right by setting expectations at the beginning. The subtext for other participants in this workshop, by the way: this is a person/department that really knows its stuff. I’d better listen to them more in future.

    Good luck with the London workshop!

  4. Andy says:

    I’m surprised at how many ‘kick off’ meetings start without an agenda, and to me it’s even more important when the meeting takes place as a conference call.

    It’s great if you can get access to someone who has recently been trained, or is from the target audience, to contribute. I remember talking to a client about their induction programme. They interviewed recent inductees (or do we call them on boarders now?) about what information they would have found useful. Not surprisingly it wasn’t more information on the corporate structure, it was about how to book holidays, get a parking space, when they got paid and so on – very practical information.

    So often it seems that it’s about pushing information out, rather than giving the learner what they actually want.

Trackbacks

  1. […] Fortuitously, as I started scripting this conversation, another of Cathy Moore’s posts “How to kick off a project and avoid an info dump” landed in my inbox. This was one of those weird moments of serendipity, as her post covered exactly […]

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